Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, nominee for EPA Administrator, indicated that if he is confirmed, he would make Superfund "a priority." Funding for the Superfund Program has decreased over the years, from $2 billion in 1999 to $1.1 billion in 2016. When questioned during recent Senate committee hearings, Pruitt stated "[i]f confirmed, I would expect to prioritize the cleanup of contaminated land." He also indicated that he would be more deferential to state governments, which has raised some concerns over whether states would receive necessary federal financial support to face cleanup challenges at Superfund Sites. Connell Foley will continue to monitor developments at the EPA that may impact clients and their projects.
The Trump administration is freezing 30 Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) rules until March 21, 2017, including standards concerning renewable fuel, formaldehyde emissions, oil and hazardous substances pollution, solid waste landfill permitting, pesticides, radon and air quality. The freeze will provide the new administration time to review new and pending regulations, some of which were implemented by the Obama administration.
On February 17, 2017, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals will hear oral argument on whether the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”), which regulates solid waste, also regulates chemical seepage from chemically treated wooden utility poles. The Ecological Rights Foundation filed a citizen suit against Pacific Gas and Electric alleging that seepage from treated poles is “solid waste” under RCRA and should be regulated. The Foundation has argued that dioxins and other chemicals leak into water bodies from chemically treated wood stored at PG&E facilities. The Department of Justice has filed an amicus brief supporting the Foundation, and moved on January 19 to participate in oral argument. A key issue will be
Newark, New Jersey is currently home to the world’s largest indoor vertical farm developed by AeroFarms. This vertical farm comes at a cost of roughly $39 million and consists of a 69,000-square-foot facility (47,000 square feet of which is used for vertical farming), which also includes office and lab space. The New Jersey Economic Development Authority awarded the project a $2.2 million grant under the Economic Redevelopment and Growth program and $6.5 million tax credit through the Grow New Jersey program. AeroFarms broke ground on the project in the summer of 2015 and the farm opened in September 2016. At full capacity, AeroFarms aims to generate 2 million pounds of fresh produce each year at the Newark facility, which is a yield of 7
On October 24, 2016 the U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works Committee released a Government Accountability Office (“GAO”) report on the national consistency of the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) in managing two tiers of Superfund sediment sites (i.e., water bodies containing contaminated sediments) (available at http://www.gao.gov/assets/680/679957.pdf). The report, requested by the Committee in May 2015, concluded that although EPA should clarify certain documentation requirements, EPA generally manages these sediment sites consistently.
The EPA has established an updated alternative particulate matter standard for new oil-fired boilers that combust low-sulfur liquid fuel. EPA also defined startup and shutdown requirements for new and existing area source boilers. The area source boiler standards apply to roughly 183,000 boilers in the U.S.; however, only about 600 coal-burning units are subject to emissions limits. EPA will require further performance testing for particulate matter of area source boilers every five years for certain boilers based on their initial compliance testing (rather than eliminate further performance testing for such boilers).
New York City and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) announced on October 17, 2016 that they have reached an agreement to revise the City’s flood maps. The move resolves the City’s appeal of preliminary Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs), which affect thousands of businesses and households. The City’s appeal, filed on June 26, 2015, argued that there were errors in FEMA’s storm surge and offshore wave models that resulted in Base Flood Elevations (BFEs) that were overstated by more than two feet in some areas, which caused many thousands of structures to be incorrectly designated on FIRMs.
Property owners who have been impacted by whether wetlands or waters are under the jurisdiction of the United States Army Corps of Engineers have received long-awaited guidance from the United States Supreme Court. Pursuant to a recent Court ruling, property owners will now be able to challenge the Army Corps’ jurisdictional determination. This is expected to save property owners the additional time and money otherwise required in obtaining a permit before initiating such a challenge.
In an effort to curb lung cancer, silicosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and kidney disease among workers exposed to crystalline silica, the United States Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) announced a final rule that strengthens protections for workers exposed to respirable silica dust. This rule provides two standards, one for construction and one for general industry/maritime. The standards take effect on June 23, 2016; however, employers subject to the construction standard have until June 23, 2017 to comply with the majority of the new requirements, and employers subject to the general industry/maritime standard have until June 23, 2018 to comply.
The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) recently reinforced its position on the May 2016 deadline to complete the remedial investigation of cleanup sites for cases open since 1999 or earlier. In anticipation of this deadline, the NJDEP also published earlier guidance documents addressing the investigation of the potential impact of contaminated sites on surface waters.(1)